Types and Common Symptoms of Dementia

Dementia or also known as senility is the term used to describe the symptoms of a number of illnesses that affect the brain. Dementia is a term which describes as range of conditions which cause damage to the brain. This damage affects memory, thinking, language and our ability to perform everyday tasks. Other common symptoms include emotional problems, problems with language, and a decrease in motivation.

The most common cause is Alzheimer's disease, but there are other causes, including Parkinson's disease. Other common types include vascular dementia, Lewy body dementia and frontotemporal dementia. Less common causes include normal pressure hydrocephalus, Parkinson's disease, syphilis, and Creutzfeldt–Jakob disease among others.

Various Types of Dementia

There are various types of dementia. The most common include:
  1. Alzheimer's disease is the most common form of dementia.
  2. Lewy body disease.
  3. Vascular dementia.
  4. Alcohol-related dementia.
  5. Frontotemporal dementia.
  6. Dementia caused by Huntington's disease.
  7. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) -associated dementia (HAD).


Common Symptoms of Dementia

1. Impaired memory
Often forget the events that had just happened, forget appointments, asking and telling the same thing over and over again (in the high frequency).

2. Difficult perform daily activities
Often it is difficult to plan or complete everyday tasks, confused how to drive, difficult to manage finances.

3. Difficult to focus
Difficult to perform activities of daily work, forgot how to cook, operate phone, mobile phone, can not do simple calculations, work with a longer time than usual.

4. Difficulty understanding visuospatial
Difficult to read, measure distances, determine the distance, distinguish colors, does not recognize his own face in the mirror, mirror crashing while running, pouring water in a glass but spilled and not appropriate pour.

5. Disorientation
Confused about the time (day / date / day is important), confused where they are and how they got there, did not know the way back home.

6. Communicate disorders
Difficulty speaking and looking for the right word, often stopping in the middle of a conversation and confused to continue.

7. One in making decisions
Dressed in mismatched, for example, wearing a red shirt left foot, right foot blue shirt, can not take into account payments in the transaction and can not care for themselves well.

8. Put the goods are not in place
Forget where to put something, even sometimes suspect there who steal or conceal the goods.

9. Changes in behavior and personality
Emotions change drastically, become confused, suspicious, depressed, fearful or dependent on a family member excessive, easily frustrated and discouraged both at home and at work.

10. Pulling away from the association
Does not have the spirit or initiative to perform usual activities or hobbies enjoyed, not too excited to get together with his friends.

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