Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis. Osteoarthritis is a joint disease that most often affects middle-age to elderly people. It causes pain, swelling, and reduced motion in the joints. It can occur in any joint, but usually it affects the hands, knees, hips or spine.
Risk factors for osteoarthritis include
Injuring a joint
Osteoarthritis is characterized by the following symptoms:
Crepitus (crackling, grinding noise with movement)
Joint effusion (swelling)
Bony enlargements and osteophyte formation
Most often doctors detect OA based on the typical symptoms (described earlier) and on results of the physical exam. In some cases, X-rays or other imaging tests may be useful to tell the extent of disease or to help rule out other joint problems.
1. Chronic Pain
chronic joint disease,
3. Risk for Injury
mobility changes secondary to osteoarthritis
5. Risk for Infection
inadequate secondary defenses,
Long-term use of corticosteroids,
manipulation invasive surgical procedures,
6. Impaired Physical Mobility
pain and discomfort,
7. Knowledge Deficit: about condition, prognosis, and treatment needs
lack of information.