The focus of nursing interventions:
- Minimize stressors
- Maximize the benefits of hospitalization provide psychological support to family members
- Prepare the child before entering the hospital
1. Efforts to minimize stressors can be done by:
- Prevent or reduce the impact of separation
- Prevent feelings of loss of control
- Reduce / minimize the fear of injury and body pain
2. Efforts to prevent / minimize the impact of separation
- Involving parents take an active role in childcare
- Modification of the treatment room
- Maintain contact with school activities: correspondence, meeting classmates
3. Prevent feelings of loss of control:
- Avoid physical restrictions if the child can be cooperative.
- When children do modifications isolated environment
- Create a schedule for the therapeutic procedure, exercise, play
- Giving children the opportunity to make decisions and involve parents in planning activities.
4. Minimizing the fear of bodily injury and pain
- Prepare psychologically for children and parents to act procedures that cause pain.
- Make the game before the child's physical preparation.
- Bringing parents whenever possible.
- Show empathy.
- In elective action whenever possible actions performed by telling stories, pictures. Need to do a psychological assessment of the child's ability to receive this information openly.
5. Maximizing the benefits of child hospitalization
- Help the development of children by giving parents the opportunity to learn.
- Provide opportunities for parents to learn about the child's illness.
- Improving the ability of self-control.
- Provide opportunities for socialization.
- Giving support to family members.
6. Preparing children for treatment in hospital
- Prepare the treatment room according to the stage of the child's age.
- Orient the hospital situation.
On the first day you should take:
- Introduce nurses and doctors
- Introduce the patient to another.
- Give the identity of the child.
- Explain the rules of the hospital.
- Implement assessment
- Perform a physical examination
Definition of play
- Natural way for children to express the conflict within him unconscious.
- Activities carried out in accordance with his own wishes to obtain pleasure.
Play is an activity
- fun / enjoyable
- to learn
- mental development
- play and work
Purpose of playing in the hospital
- To be able to resume normal growth and development during hospitalization.
- To express their thoughts and feelings and fantasies through the game.
Principles of play in hospital
- does not require a lot of energy
- time is short
- easy to do
- age group
- not opposed to therapy
- involving the family
- sensory motor activity
- cognitive development
- therapeutically moral development