The Impact of Menopause for Health

The Impact of Menopause for Health

One of the important problems in the elderly are older reproductive health. Reproductive problems in the elderly, especially in a woman is perceived as fertility period ends (menopause), despite the fact that a man will also face the same thing that has decreased reproductive function (andropause) although in this case it happened older than a woman .

In the discussion of reproductive health of older times more likely to focus on the problems of menopause in women.

Definition of Menopause

Menopause is a condition where a woman stops menstruating (menopause). Diagnosis of menopause is when a woman has not menstruated for at least 1 year.

Before menopause occurs, it first entered the climacterium. Climacterium is a period of 4-5 years before menopause where a woman begins to feel the changes that the symptoms are not the same to everyone.

Menopause is closely related to menarche (first menstruation in women). In the circumstances the earlier occurrence of menarche occurs, the slower the rise and vice versa menopause menarche occurs more slowly accelerated menopause arise.

Menopause is not the same in every person affected by several factors:
  • descent
  • general health
  • habits

The Impact of Menopause for Health

Short-term effects:
  • Hot flush the chest burning sensation that radiates to the face often occur at night
  • Psychological disorders: depression, irritability, irritability, lack of confidence, sexsual arousal disorder, change in behavior.
  • Eye disorders: dry and itchy eyes due to decreased tear production.
  • Urinary tract and genitals: simple infections, painful intercourse, bleeding after sexual intercourse due to atrophy of the genitals.

Long-term effects:
  • Osteoporosis is loss of bone density in women due to a lack of estrogen so that bones become brittle and easily broken.
  • Coronary heart disease: Decreased estrogen can lower levels of good cholesterol and increase bad cholesterol levels that increase the incidence of coronary heart disease in women.
  • Dementia (Alzheimer's type Dementia): estrogen deficiency affects the central nervous system / brain, causing difficulty concentrating, memory loss on short-term events.

How to deal with sexual problems at menopause
  • Maintaining health in general, both physically and psychologically, for example by doing regular exercise.
  • Fostering a previous sexual life that takes place in harmony.
  • Realize and accept menopause as part of our life.
  • Do not use drugs or chemicals intended to improve sexual function without a clear indication and without the guidance of a health professional or doctor.
  • Need to do both behavioral and mood variation in sexual intercourse so it does not get bored.
  • Maintain good communication with his wife, including sexual problems.
  • Immediately consult with experts when experiencing sexual problems to immediately get proper treatment.

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